The Aura of Trust



Q. What is NPOP?

It is the National Program for Organic Production (NPOP), launched by Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India. It provides information on standards for Organic Production Systems, criteria and procedure for accreditation of inspection & certification Bodies, use of National Organic Logo and other Regulations.

Q. What is NSOP?

NSOP means National Standards for Organic Production, formulated by Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India for National Program for Organic Production (NPOP). It includes standards for governing its Organic Production and Processes as well as the regulations for use of the National Organic Certification Mark.

Q. What is conventional agriculture?

Conventional farming, also known as industrial agriculture, refers to farming systems which include the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other continual inputs, genetically modified organisms, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, heavy irrigation, intensive tillage, or concentrated monoculture production.

Q. What is organic agriculture?

It is a system of farm design and management to create an eco system, which can achieve sustainable productivity without the use of artificial external inputs such as chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Q. What does it mean to be certified organic/organic certification?

Certified organic means that organic product has been certified by an accredited certification agency and the product has been produced and /processed according to National/Or International standard for organic production.

Q. What is conversion period?

The time between the start of organic management and the certification of crops as organic.

Q. What is conversion?

The process of changing an agricultural farm from conventional to organic farm. This is also called transition.

Q. What is meant by inspection?

Shall include the site visit to verify that the performance of an operation is in accordance with the Organic production or processing standards.

Q. What is parallel production?

Shall mean any production where the same unit is growing, breeding, handling or processing the same products both in a certified organic and a non-certified organic system. Similarly a situation with “organic” and “in conversion” production of the same product is also parallel production.

Q. What is part conversion?

Shall be when part of a conventional farm or unit has already been converted to organic production or processing and a part is in the process of conversion.

Q. Who is responsible for certifying Organic Food?

The Accredited Certification Bodies is responsible for certifying the Organic Food.

Q. What about imported organic products?

Organic Food is not required to be re-certified on import to India if there is bilateral or multilateral agreement based on the equivalence of standards as per National Program for Organic Production. All organic food consignments to be accompanied by a Transaction Certificate issued by an Accredited Certification Body.

Q. Is there any provision for seller of organic food for keeping their organic foods distinguishable from the conventional food products in their shops?

There is a provision in the Regulations that all the organic products needs to be displayed distinguishable from conventional foods at the shelves. The seller of organic food either exclusively or as part of his retail merchandise shall display such food in a manner distinguishable from the display of non-organic food.

Q. Is re-certification required for the exporting countries for organic products to be imported into India?

The imports of Organic Food from countries, with which bilateral equivalence agreements are there, are not required to be re-certified.

Q. How is traceability maintained in Organic Food Systems?

Traceability is to be maintained as required in NPOP system it is certified.

Q. Whether NPOP has issued any guidelines for the organic production of different crops?

Yes, NPOP has issued the guidelines.

Q. How long is my organic certificate valid for?

Your organic certificate remains valid for one year only; it has to be renewed every year.

Q. What is the frequency of inspections carried over by the certification agency?

Minimum one announced inspection shall be done once in a year. Additional inspections can be conducted whenever found necessary.

Q. What is internal control system?

A documented quality assurance system that allows the external certification body to delegate the inspection of individual group members to a body identified from within the operators of the group.

Q. What is transaction/import certificate?

Document issued by a certification body declaring that the specified lot or consignment of goods is derived from production and / or processing system that has been certified.